Engels PSA Bibliography

Engels, Friedrich. The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co.,1892.

This primary source written by Friedrich Engels describes the extremely harsh conditions people and children in Manchester were forced to work in during the Industrial Revolution. Friedrich Engels, a German social philosopher, wrote this book after being sent to Manchester England to manage his families cotton factory. While in Manchester he saw the disgusting conditions and poverty in the city which led him to write this book. Engels description of the working life in Manchester is so detailed that it gives us a great picture of how it was. Engels claims that the river in Manchester was black and full of debris and refuse. Anyone walking by could smell the foul stench coming from the river. He says that there was excrement and pools of urine everywhere and sometimes police had to disinfect these areas to prevent cholera.  Also he described how the huts people lived in could barely fit beds and most people weren’t even lucky enough to have a bed. This writing was used to indicate how gruesome it was to live and work in Manchester during the revolution.  This source is believable because Engels witnessed all of this first hand. Although Engels was there and saw all of this he didn’t actually have to live in one of the huts or work in the factories. That is one of the only limits of this document.

( every line after the first is supposed to be indented except for the first)


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